Non-competitions, also known as restrictive alliances, may have legitimate business objectives, but must meet certain criteria to be enforceable. Agreements must be reasonable and companies often have to prove that a breach of the agreement, for example, would cause them considerable harm. In this case, the judge said CVS easily complied with this standard. When Lavin was hired at CVS, he signed a non-compete agreement. After 27 years at CVS, Lavin decided to work in the same position for PillPack. Understandably, CVS panicked and filed a complaint seeking an injunction for violating the non-compete clause. Lavin`s counsel argued that the non-competition clause was so broad that it effectively prevented Lavin from working somewhere in the pharmaceutical industry and was therefore unenforceable. “The court does not take a step forward to lightly take a non-competition clause,” said Judge John J. McConnell Jr. of the U.S. District Court for the District of Rhode Island. “She is aware of the narrow and limited application that courts should grant to agreements under Rhode Island law.” There is no answer to what is going to be remedied. It is likely that Lavin will have to stop working for PillPack for the duration of the contract.

It is possible that his violation of the agreement again required the 18-month work ban, remedying CVS in his complaint. CVS is also seeking financial damages and legal fees. The District Court found that Lavin had in-depth knowledge of CVS Caremark`s strategic initiatives and detailed information on its contracts with retail pharmacies and payers. On that basis, the Court of Appeal rejected Lavin`s argument that CVS`s interests were sufficiently protected by the non-invitation and confidentiality agreements to render the application of the non-competition clause inadequate. The opinion did not explicitly refer to the so-called “inevitable revelation” doctrine, but the doctrine certainly stood in the case. According to the Court of Appeal, “it weighs on the credulity of believing that a Echelon leader like Lavin could develop a strategy for PillPack without immersing himself in that knowledge.” Depending on the nature of the contract. I used to work with a pharmacist (retail) who was a lunar light keeper in a compounder pharmacy. This was considered ok by his contract because they did not show up. From him had gone to another retail environment that was competing, then he would violate his non-competition. Contractual relations are generally governed by state law.

But most states disapprove of non-competitive employment contracts and most courts only apply them if they are reasonable or “if the restriction does not go beyond what seems necessary to protect those for whom they are made.” (As the judge said in the lavine case in his opinion). The Court of Appeal upheld the injunction. Most countries, such as Rhode Island, expect a non-competitive agreement to contain an appropriate geographic scope. This decision is remarkable because PillPack`s injunction against Lavin`s employment would apparently apply to all of the United States. There are only three legal exceptions to this non-competition prohibition: unlike other states, it is not recommended that employers operating in California include in their agreements a non-compete clause (unless the above three exceptions apply), as an employer`s use of a non-illegal competition agreement may be contrary to California`s unfair competition law.